NANO-PRODUCTS and NANO-COLORSIn “nano-thin” layers Attophotonics creates a wide range of colors without the need for chemical pigments.Due to their particular nanostructure the layers selectively reflect a specific spectral sub-fraction whereas other electromagnetic waves are absorbed efficiently. Thus, the surface shines, dependent on the viewing angle, in a well defined color. The same principle gives rise to the sparkling colors of the wings of some butterflies.KEY PROPERTIES OF ATTOPHOTONICS’ NANO-COLORSA wide spectrum of colors can be printed or applied directly•onto arbitrary surfaces•with the same chemistry (several options available)•efficiently using materials.The coatings create a modern, metallic look•are color-fast,•extremely heat stable (600°C) if required and•machine-readable.They show characteristic absorption in the visible as well as in the IR- and UV-light spectrum.They can be used for colored bar-codes and anti-counterfeiting tags. Glitter-effects and color gradients can also be created.The potential applications of this innovative new technology range from novel surface design and POC-diagnostics to intelligent packaging for quality control of food products.APPLICATIONDepending on material, desired additional properties and required resistance to mechanical stress, Attophotonics’ nano-colors can be applied in various ways:•direct coating•glitter•films, stickers/ tagsAPPLICATION of Attophotonics’ nano-colors and Attophotonics’ smart colorsBy means of a combination of different coating technologies the nano-color can be created directly on the material (metal, glass, plastics,…).on Aluminium, Silver, Rhodium,…..On Brushed Stainless Steel NANO-COLOR GLITTERThe glitter material consists of coated platelets (available in various sizes and thicknesses e.g. mesh sizes: 150-600 µm and 0.6 - 2 mm with 4 µm thickness). It can be applied directly onto adhesive surfaces or as glitter varnish. The 3D-tipping and sparkle of the glitter supplement the basic properties of the nano-colors.Glitter Color SpectrumNANO-COLOR FOIL/ NANO-COLOR TAGSPlastic films coated with Attophotonics’ nano-colors are available as sheets and can be cut and applied with ease. On request, Attophotonics also provides nano-color-stickers with arbitrary form and size.NANO-COATINGS VACUUM-COATINGSVia sputter coating or evaporation coatings of glass, PET, PS, PC, ABS, steel and others with the following metals are possible:AuPdCuAl (evap.)CrCr/NiAgTi (evap.)PtTaWMo,…NANOPARTICLES By chemical synthesis in solution and chemical deposition methods Attophotonics creates particulate nano materials out ofAu, Bi, Pt, Pd, Ag, Cu, Cr, Al, Zn, Sn, Cu, Fe, Ni, W, Mo, Ta,…various alloys, organic molecules, dyes and many others.Asymmetric NANO-PARTICLESe.g. green Ag-nanodispersions, see below)Green, fluorescent nanostructures and yellow-red, printed nano-colorsGLITTER-PIGMENT SUSPENSIONSAluminum-nano-coated glitter Glitter with resonance color nano-layersHISTORY - NANO-COLORS & SMART COLORS1993Development of the smart sensoric REA-sensor-principle by Schalkhammer et al.in collaboration with the Universities of Vienna and Graz1994REA-patent 11998REA-patent 21999K. Huettner & T. Schalkhammer demonstrate sensors based on bio-degradable DNA & protein layers1999-2002R&D at University of Delft with Dr. Ch. Mayer and V. Matyushin2003First papers on nano-degradation films: In Schalkhammer T.G.M., Editor, MTBM Volume on Analytical Biotechnology ISBN 3-7643-6589-7 and ISBN 3-7643-6590-0 Birkhäuser Verlag, Switzerland (2002)and R. Palkovits, Ch. Mayer, G. Bauer, H. Winkler, F. Pittner, Th. Schalkhammer, Structural behavior of nanometric carbohydrate films transduced by resonant technique in Biopolymers 69(3), 333 (2003)and presentation by:H. Rauter, V. Matyushin, Y. Alguel, Th. Schalkhammer, Polymer technology for nanodevices and biochips, 6th Austrian Polymer meeting & XXIst INTERNATIONAL H.F. MARK – SYMPOSIUM, invited plenary lecture, Vienna (AT) (2003)2004Founding of Attophotonics Biosciences GmbH for Smart Material Design2005Attophotonics financed research for REA-food-chip-design and testing (e.g. M. Dragosits et al.) at the University of ViennaAttophotonics released book chapter on nano-REA-effects covering food sensor technology - printed in the US2005/2006March 2006 - presentation of technology at Nano-conference in MauterndorfSetup of production facilities (Vacuum roller coater & and nanoprinting) at Attophotonics Wiener Neustadt in collaboration with the University of Applied Sciences Wiener Neustadt - Microsystem Technology / Prof. Humbert NollOct. 2006Attophotonics consortium obtained exclusive patent rights for production from ‘old’ inventors team (team of 1994/98)2007Spring/summer: optimization, strong public awarenessSeveral patents protecting production technologies2007/08Start of productionfrom end 2008Up-scaling, implementation in packaging machines, salesSupport of FFG, FWF, the Austrian Academy of Sciences and partners at the Universities of Wiener Neustadt (Mikro- and Nanosystems & FH-Standort Wieselburg: Marktforschung), K.F. Graz (Institut für Experimentalphysik) and Vienna (Chemistry and Biochemistry) is thankfully acknowledged.